On a boat, water is in limited supply, so it will have to be shared. Indeed even though in many of the Caribbean islands water is not scarce, it is however difficult to refuel if only because of the lack of port infrastructure.
You will therefore have to manage your water as closely as possible, trying to distribute consumption, to do this simply do not open all the tanks and use them one after another.
When a tank is empty, the pump will de-prime. You often need to give the pump time to reprime and vent the air by leaving the highest valves in the system open.
Many boats are further equipped with seawater taps that are operated by a foot pump located under the sink, the seawater can be used for dishwashing, A SOFT WATER RINSE IS REQUIRED.
⚠ Don’t forget to close the valves corresponding to the empty tank, otherwise the pump will be defused. When filling (through the nables located on the deck) open all the valves on the tanks. The water is said to be potable, however it is preferable to consume bottled water.
The shower, oh so pleasant moment, especially in the tropics, is a great consumer of water, prefer for the showers of exit of bath the shower of bridge which it consumes less.
The floor of the inside showers is below the waterline, so after each shower you must operate the lift pump that drains the water out. The control for this pump is located below the sink or on the ceiling.
Open the regulator (On top of the gas cylinder in the gas compartment). Open the safety valve located in the cupboard adjacent to the gas stove. Turn on the Gas by holding the button down for about ten seconds, then release it. This system is actually a safety device that cuts off the gas supply as soon as the flame goes out.
⚠ It is best to turn off the safety valve when you are not using the gas. In case of a leak, close the cylinder, remove the floors and ventilate the boat, the gas accumulates in the bottom of the boat and thus can represent a considerable danger.
Refrigerators with eutectic plate (frigoboat)
Some sailboats are equipped with cold storage systems. In the refrigerators there is a plate full of a volume of eutectic liquid which once frozen at very low temperature behaves like an ice bar and thus gives back its cold gradually.
To bring this plate to low temperature, a high-powered compressor is attached via an electromechanical pulley to the boat’s main engine.
Twice a day and for one hour, you will run the compressor to bring the plate to a very low temperature. To do this, you will need to flip the Frigo switch at the electrical panel, and turn the timer installed below that panel to 60 minutes.
⚠ For proper operation of the system, never run the compressor above 1500 rpm and more than 60 min, you will severely damage it.
12 v electric refrigerators
Boats can also be equipped with classic 12 v electric systems whose operation does not require any special provisions you just have to pay attention to the battery level, the refrigerator is one of the most important consumption items.
⚠ The cold is precious, try not to open the fridge too often.
TOILETS (ITT PAR with flaps)
Boat toilets work very well as long as the operating instructions are followed. They consist of a bowl and a pump with two functions that are selected with a valve:
- Water intake (Sea water) and discharge i.e. Flush.
- Discharge only for dewatering.
Instructions for use
- You check that both valves are open
- The valve is in the flush position
- Pump a minimum of 12 times.
- Put the valve in the dry position and pump to leave the bowl clean
Some sailboats are equipped with LAVAC toilets.
These toilets are of a different operation compared to the toilets we are used to seeing on boats. The system relies on a Hand Pump located right next to the toilet, and a watertight toilet cover. The large flow pump has the action of emptying the bowl, the lid being perfectly sealed the depression created inside the bowl leads to the arrival of sea water for flushing through an appropriate hose.
- Close the lid carefully.
- Pump vigorously 10 to 15 strokes.
- Wait 15 seconds
- Pump again 5 to 10 strokes.
These toilets have a very simple mechanism, and normally do not clog, if this were the case, fill the bowl halfway with the shower, close the cover by pressing on it to ensure a tight seal, then pump very vigorously to thus attempt to evacuate the “clog”
⚠ Never pull on the lid, the seal would be damaged wait a few seconds for the vacuum inside the bowl to stop. Pump out enough to flush the entire system. Never flush tampons or towels through this toilet. If you use a large amount of toilet paper, flush in batches! Never force the pump. Make sure there are no bathers in the immediate vicinity of the boat. The pump should be handled gently